What You Should Know About Childhood Diabetes
Diabetes can strike at any time in a person of any age. The most common variation of diabetes is type 2, however type 1 is the form most often found in kids. Due to the nature of the disease, it is an illness that requires close attention and careful management every day in order to safely maintain it.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is usually found among children, teenagers and young adults. This disease is caused when the pancreas is attacked by the body’s immune system, and mistakenly damages the necessary cells that create insulin. Type 1 diabetes is therefore considered an autoimmune disease and the damage done to the pancreas is known to be permanent, resulting in this lifelong disease. It is not yet understood what exactly initiates the attacks, but diabetes can sometimes be linked to an individual’s environment and genetics.
Who is at risk?
- Family history: Anyone with a sibling or parent with type 1 diabetes.
- Age: Children, teenagers and young adults (under 40 years old).
- Genetics: Certain ethnicities may have a higher chance of developing type 1 diabetes.
- Geographic area: The region one resides in can also affect who is most susceptible to this disease.
- Bedwetting or constant urination
- Increased hunger
- Extreme thirst
- Blurry vision
- Exhaustion and fatigue
Unfortunately, there are not any prevention methods for type 1 diabetes. However, the disease can be maintained and treated with guidance from a trusted medical professional. Maintenance of the disease will usually require insulin taken daily, frequent exercise, a balanced diet and monitored blood sugar levels. Carrying out these practices and working closely with a pediatrician will help your child successfully navigate through the illness.
Blood sugar levels that are not properly controlled can lead to health complications later on down the line and could eventually cause life-threatening conditions. If you believe your child is displaying signs of type 1 diabetes please reach out to Village Pediatrics today to develop the best plan of care for your child.